Archives of Neuroscience

Published by: Kowsar

Depression in Patients with Spinal Cord Injury Referred to the Specialized Centers in Tehran, Iran

Razieh Mokhber Dezfoly 1 , Mehdi Rezaee 1 , * , Minoo Kalantari 2 , Alireza Akbarzadeh Baghban 3 and Amir Hasan Kohan 4
Authors Information
1 Physiotherapy Research Center, School of Rehabilitation, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Rehabilitation, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Proteomics Research Center, School of Rehabilitation, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research Center, Neuroscience Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Article information
  • Archives of Neuroscience: July 2018, 5 (3); e66718
  • Published Online: June 12, 2018
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: February 13, 2018
  • Accepted: March 10, 2018
  • DOI: 10.5812/archneurosci.66718

To Cite: Mokhber Dezfoly R, Rezaee M, Kalantari M, Akbarzadeh Baghban A, Kohan A H. Depression in Patients with Spinal Cord Injury Referred to the Specialized Centers in Tehran, Iran, Arch Neurosci. 2018 ; 5(3):e66718. doi: 10.5812/archneurosci.66718.

Copyright © 2018, Archives of Neuroscience. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited
1. Background
2. Methods
3. Results
4. Discussion
  • 1. Saberi M , Hashemi Javaheri AA, Khodaei M. Comparision spinal column alignment in athletic veterans with spinal cord injury. J Vet Med. 2012;4(4):13-20.
  • 2. Craig A, Tran Y, Middleton J. Psychological morbidity and spinal cord injury: a systematic review. Spinal Cord. 2009;47(2):108-14. doi: 10.1038/sc.2008.115. [PubMed: 18779835].
  • 3. Sedghi N, Monjamed Z, Mousavi A, Ghorbani S. Sleep Quality in Patients with Spinal Cord Injury Khatamolanbia Hospital. Iran J War Public Health. 2015;7(3):127-32.
  • 4. Krause J. Self-Reported Problems After Spinal Cord Injury: Implications for Rehabilitation Practice. Topics Spinal Cord Injur Rehabil. 2007;12(3):35-44. doi: 10.1310/sci1203-35.
  • 5. North NT. The psychological effects of spinal cord injury: a review. Spinal Cord. 1999;37(10):671-9. [PubMed: 10557122].
  • 6. Craig A, Hancock K, Dickson H. Improving the long-term adjustment of spinal cord injured persons. Spinal Cord. 1999;37(5):345-50. [PubMed: 10369171].
  • 7. Heinemann AW, Doll MD, Armstrong KJ, Schnoll S, Yarkony GM. Substance use and receipt of treatment by persons with long-term spinal cord injuries. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1991;72(7):482-7. [PubMed: 2059120].
  • 8. Mitchell MC, Burns NR, Dorstyn DS. Screening for depression and anxiety in spinal cord injury with DASS-21. Spinal Cord. 2008;46(8):547-51. doi: 10.1038/ [PubMed: 18071354].
  • 9. Frank RG, Elliott TR, Corcoran JR, Wonderlich SA. Depression after spinal cord injury: is it necessary? Clin Psychol Rev. 1987;7(6):611-30. doi: 10.1016/0272-7358(87)90009-2.
  • 10. Orenczuk S, Slivinski J, Mehta S, Teasell RW. Depression following spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord Injur Rehabil Evid. 2010;3.
  • 11. Krause JS, Kemp B, Coker J. Depression after spinal cord injury: relation to gender, ethnicity, aging, and socioeconomic indicators. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2000;81(8):1099-109. [PubMed: 10943762].
  • 12. Fann JR, Crane DA, Graves DE, Kalpakjian CZ, Tate DG, Bombardier CH. Depression treatment preferences after acute traumatic spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2013;94(12):2389-95. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2013.07.004. [PubMed: 23872078].
  • 13. Craig AR, Hancock K, Dickson H, Chang E. Long-term psychological outcomes in spinal cord injured persons: results of a controlled trial using cognitive behavior therapy. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1997;78(1):33-8. [PubMed: 9014954].
  • 14. Asadnia S, Issazadeghan A, Ansari B. Evaluation of the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy on decreasing depression levels and improving the lifestyle of patients with type 2 diabetes. J Urmia Univ Med Sci. 2013;24(10):812-22.
  • 15. Judd FK, Brown DJ, Burrows GD. Depression, disease and disability: application to patients with traumatic spinal cord injury. Paraplegia. 1991;29(2):91-6. doi: 10.1038/sc.1991.12. [PubMed: 2023782].
  • 16. Ghassemzadeh H, Mojtabai R, Karamghadiri N, Ebrahimkhani N. Psychometric properties of a Persian-language version of the Beck Depression Inventory--Second edition: BDI-II-PERSIAN. Depress Anxiety. 2005;21(4):185-92. doi: 10.1002/da.20070. [PubMed: 16075452].
  • 17. Dabson KS, Khani M. Psychometric characteristics of Beck depression inventory–II in patients with major depressive disorder. 2007.
  • 18. Craig AR, Hancock KM, Dickson HG. A longitudinal investigation into anxiety and depression in the first 2 years following a spinal cord injury. Paraplegia. 1994;32(10):675-9. doi: 10.1038/sc.1994.109. [PubMed: 7831074].
  • 19. Kennedy P, Rogers BA. Anxiety and depression after spinal cord injury: a longitudinal analysis. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2000;81(7):932-7. doi: 10.1053/apmr.2000.5580. [PubMed: 10896007].
  • 20. Hancock K, Craig A, Tennant C, Chang E. The influence of spinal cord injury on coping styles and self-perceptions: a controlled study. Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 1993;27(3):450-6. doi: 10.3109/00048679309075802. [PubMed: 8250789].
  • 21. Craig A, Tran Y, Lovas J, Middleton J. Spinal cord injury and its association with negative psychological states. Int J Psychosoc Rehabil. 2008;12(2):115-21.

Featured Image:

Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments