Archives of Neuroscience

Published by: Kowsar

Depressive Disorders and Emotional Status in Caregivers of Spinal Cord Injured Individuals: A Referral Center Report

Seyedeh Mohadeseh Taheri Otaghsara 1 , Marzieh Matin 1 , Sahar Latifi 1 , * , Abbas Norouzi Javidan 1 and Davood Koushki 2
Authors Information
1 Brain and Spinal Injury Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
2 Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
Article information
  • Archives of Neuroscience: October 01, 2014, 1 (3); e16246
  • Published Online: October 10, 2014
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: November 20, 2013
  • Revised: December 1, 2013
  • Accepted: December 17, 2013
  • DOI: 10.5812/archneurosci.16246

To Cite: Taheri Otaghsara S M, Matin M, Latifi S, Norouzi Javidan A, Koushki D. Depressive Disorders and Emotional Status in Caregivers of Spinal Cord Injured Individuals: A Referral Center Report, Arch Neurosci. 2014 ; 1(3):e16246. doi: 10.5812/archneurosci.16246.

Copyright © 2014, Tehran University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Chase BW, Cornille TA, English RW. Life Satisfaction Among Persons with Spinal Cord Injuries. J Rehabil. 2000; 66(3)
  • 2. Moverman RA. Physiological factors in spinal cord injury. Spinal cord medicine principles and practice. 2003; : 931-9
  • 3. Blanes L, Carmagnani MI, Ferreira LM. Quality of life and self-esteem of persons with paraplegia living in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Qual Life Res. 2009; 18(1): 15-21[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Barker RN, Kendall MD, Amsters DI, Pershouse KJ, Haines TP, Kuipers P. The relationship between quality of life and disability across the lifespan for people with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord. 2009; 47(2): 149-55[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Westgren N, Levi R. Quality of life and traumatic spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1998; 79(11): 1433-9[PubMed]
  • 6. Clayton KS, Chubon RA. Factors associated with the quality of life of long-term spinal cord injured persons. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1994; 75(6): 633-8[PubMed]
  • 7. Dijkers M. Quality of life after spinal cord injury: a meta analysis of the effects of disablement components. Spinal Cord. 1997; 35(12): 829-40[PubMed]
  • 8. Kennedy P, Lude P, Elfstrom ML, Smithson E. Cognitive appraisals, coping and quality of life outcomes: a multi-centre study of spinal cord injury rehabilitation. Spinal Cord. 2010; 48(10): 762-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Chan RC, Lee PW, Lieh-Mak F. Coping with spinal cord injury: personal and marital adjustment in the Hong Kong Chinese setting. Spinal Cord. 2000; 38(11): 687-96[PubMed]
  • 10. Catz A, Itzkovich M, Steinberg F, Philo O, Ring H, Ronen J, et al. The Catz-Itzkovich SCIM: a revised version of the Spinal Cord Independence Measure. Disabil Rehabil. 2001; 23(6): 263-8[PubMed]
  • 11. Catz A, Itzkovich M, Tesio L, Biering-Sorensen F, Weeks C, Laramee MT, et al. A multicenter international study on the Spinal Cord Independence Measure, version III: Rasch psychometric validation. Spinal Cord. 2007; 45(4): 275-91[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Anderson K, Aito S, Atkins M, Biering-Sorensen F, Charlifue S, Curt A, et al. Functional recovery measures for spinal cord injury: an evidence-based review for clinical practice and research. J Spinal Cord Med. 2008; 31(2): 133-44[PubMed]
  • 13. Nazemi L, Skoog I, Karlsson I, Hosseini S, Hosseini M, Hosseinzadeh MJ, et al. Depression, prevalence and some risk factors in elderly nursing homes in tehran, iran. Iran J Public Health. 2013; 42(6): 559-69[PubMed]
  • 14. Veisani Y, Delpisheh A, Sayehmiri K, Rezaeian S. Trends of Postpartum Depression in Iran: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Depression Research and Treatment. 2013; 2013: 8[DOI]
  • 15. Masoumi SZ, Poorolajal J, Keramat A, Moosavi SA. Prevalence of Depression among Infertile Couples in Iran: A Meta-Analysis Study. Iran J Public Health. 2013; 42(5): 458-66[PubMed]
  • 16. Khamseh ME, Baradaran HR, Javanbakht A, Mirghorbani M, Yadollahi Z, Malek M. Comparison of the CES-D and PHQ-9 depression scales in people with type 2 diabetes in Tehran, Iran. BMC Psychiatry. 2011; 11: 61[DOI][PubMed]
  • 17. Modabber-Nia MJ, Shodjai-Tehrani H, Moosavi SR, Jahanbakhsh-Asli N, Fallahi M. The prevalence of depression among high school and preuniversity adolescents: Rasht, northern Iran. Arch Iran Med. 2007; 10(2): 141-6[PubMed]
  • 18. Sharghi A, Karbakhsh M, Nabaei B, Meysamie A, Farrokhi A. Depression in mothers of children with thalassemia or blood malignancies: a study from Iran. Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health. 2006; 2: 27[DOI][PubMed]
  • 19. Payab M, Motlagh AR, Eshraghian M, Rostami R, Siassi F, Abbasi B, et al. The association between depression, socio-economic factors and dietary intake in mothers having primary school children living in Rey, South of Tehran, Iran. J Diabetes Metab Disord. 2012; 11(1): 29[DOI][PubMed]
  • 20. Kaviani H, AS AA, Nazari H, Honnozi K. Prevalence Of Depressive Disordrs In Tehran Resident Population (year 2000). Tehran Univ Med J. 2002; 60(5)
  • 21. Kendell R. E. , Blackburn I. M. , Davidson KM. Cognitive therapy for depression and anxiety: a practitioner's guide. 1995;
  • 22. Unalan H, Gencosmanoglu B, Akgun K, Karamehmetoglu S, Tuna H, Ones K, et al. Quality of life of primary caregivers of spinal cord injury survivors living in the community: controlled study with short form-36 questionnaire. Spinal Cord. 2001; 39(6): 318-22[DOI][PubMed]
  • 23. Blanes L, Carmagnani MI, Ferreira LM. Health-related quality of life of primary caregivers of persons with paraplegia. Spinal Cord. 2007; 45(6): 399-403[DOI][PubMed]
  • 24. Raj JT, Manigandan C, Jacob KS. Leisure satisfaction and psychiatric morbidity among informal carers of people with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord. 2006; 44(11): 676-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 25. Post MW, Bloemen J, de Witte LP. Burden of support for partners of persons with spinal cord injuries. Spinal Cord. 2005; 43(5): 311-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 26. Kelly EH, Anderson CJ, Garma SI, Russell HF, Klaas SJ, Gorzkowski JA, et al. Relationships between the psychological characteristics of youth with spinal cord injury and their primary caregivers. Spinal Cord. 2011; 49(2): 200-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 27. Arango-Lasprilla JC, Plaza SL, Drew A, Romero JL, Pizarro JA, Francis K, et al. Family needs and psychosocial functioning of caregivers of individuals with spinal cord injury from Colombia, South America. NeuroRehabilitation. 2010; 27(1): 83-93[DOI][PubMed]
  • 28. Meade MA, Taylor LA, Kreutzer JS, Marwitz JH, Thomas V. A Preliminary Study of Acute Family Needs After Spinal Cord Injury: Analysis and Implications. Rehabil Psychol. 2004; 49(2): 150
  • 29. Essential guide to depression. 1998;
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments