Archives of Neuroscience

Published by: Kowsar

Assessment of the Psychosocial Work Environment among Health Care Workers and Its Association with Work and Socioeconomic Status

Mostafa Ghaffari 1 , 2 , 3 , Hassan Alinaghizadeh 1 , 4 , * , Leila Ghalichi 5 , Omid Pournik 6 and Eva Vingard 1
Authors Information
1 Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
2 MD, MPH, PhD, Occupational and Environmental Medicine Department, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Teheran, Iran
3 Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research Center, Neuroscience Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran Iran.
4 MSc, PhD Candidate, Senior Statistician, Division of Family Medicine and Primary Care, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
5 MD, PhD, Epidemiology Department, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Teheran, Iran
6 MD, PhD, Community Medicine Department, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Teheran, Iran
7 MD, PhD, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
Article information
  • Archives of Neuroscience: July 2017, 4 (3); e13576
  • Published Online: July 30, 2017
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: May 16, 2017
  • Accepted: July 22, 2017
  • DOI: 10.5812/archneurosci.13576

To Cite: Ghaffari M, Alinaghizadeh H, Ghalichi L, Pournik O, Vingard E. Assessment of the Psychosocial Work Environment among Health Care Workers and Its Association with Work and Socioeconomic Status, Arch Neurosci. 2017 ; 4(3):e13576. doi: 10.5812/archneurosci.13576.

Copyright © 2017, Archives of Neuroscience. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Design
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Hongoro C, McPake B. How to bridge the gap in human resources for health. Lancet. 2004; 364(9443): 1451-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Chapter 4 - Selected occupational risks. 2004;
  • 3. Migration of Health Care Workers. 2010;
  • 4. Serdar T, Derek L, Unic A, Marijancevic D, Markovic D, Primorac A, et al. Occupational exposures in healthcare workers in University Hospital Dubrava--10 year follow-up study. Cent Eur J Public Health. 2013; 21(3): 150-4[PubMed]
  • 5. Fuss I, Nubling M, Hasselhorn HM, Schwappach D, Rieger MA. Working conditions and Work-Family Conflict in German hospital physicians: psychosocial and organisational predictors and consequences. BMC Public Health. 2008; 8: 353[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Chou LP, Li CY, Hu SC. Job stress and burnout in hospital employees: comparisons of different medical professions in a regional hospital in Taiwan. BMJ Open. 2014; 4(2)[DOI]
  • 7. Kovner CT, Brewer CS, Fatehi F, Jun J. What does nurse turnover rate mean and what is the rate? Policy Politics Nurs Pract. 2014; 15(3-4): 64-71
  • 8. Vingard E, Alfredsson L, Hagberg M, Kilbom A, Theorell T, Waldenstrom M, et al. To what extent do current and past physical and psychosocial occupational factors explain care-seeking for low back pain in a working population? Results from the Musculoskeletal Intervention Center-Norrtalje Study. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2000; 25(4): 493-500[PubMed]
  • 9. Lohela M, Bjorklund C, Vingard E, Hagberg J, Jensen I. Does a change in psychosocial work factors lead to a change in employee health? J Occup Environ Med. 2009; 51(2): 195-203[DOI][PubMed]
  • 10. Kristensen TS, Hannerz H, Hogh A, Borg V. The Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire--a tool for the assessment and improvement of the psychosocial work environment. Scand J Work Environ Health. 2005; 31(6): 438-49[PubMed]
  • 11. Ghaffari M, Alipour A, Farshad AA, Jensen I, Josephson M, Vingard E. Effect of psychosocial factors on low back pain in industrial workers. Occup Med (Lond). 2008; 58(5): 341-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Vaez M, Josephson M, Vingard E, Voss M. Work-related violence and its association with self-rated general health among public sector employees in Sweden. Work. 2014; 49(1): 163-71[DOI][PubMed]
  • 13. Haladay DE, Blorstad AL, McBrier NM, Denegar CR, Lengerich EJ. Back pain among health care workers in Pennsylvania 2002-2006. Work. 2012; 41(1): 93-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Nayeri ND, Salehi T, Noghabi AA. Quality of work life and productivity among Iranian nurses. Contemp Nurse. 2011; 39(1): 106-18[DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. McKevitt C, Morgan M, Dundas R, Holland WW. Sickness absence and 'working through' illness: a comparison of two professional groups. J Public Health Med. 1997; 19(3): 295-300[PubMed]
  • 16. Rosvold EO, Bjertness E. Physicians who do not take sick leave: hazardous heroes? Scandinavian J Soc Med. 2001; 29(1): 71-5
  • 17. Rabin S, Feldman D, Kaplan Z. Stress and intervention strategies in mental health professionals. Br J Med Psychol. 1999; 72 ( Pt 2): 159-69[PubMed]
  • 18. Attridge M. A quiet crisis: The business case for managing employee mental health. 2008;
  • 19. Stansfeld S, Candy B. Psychosocial work environment and mental health--a meta-analytic review. Scand J Work Environ Health. 2006; 32(6): 443-62[PubMed]
  • 20. Kivimaki M, Virtanen M, Elovainio M, Kouvonen A, Vaananen A, Vahtera J. Work stress in the etiology of coronary heart disease--a meta-analysis. Scand J Work Environ Health. 2006; 32(6): 431-42[PubMed]
  • 21. Belkic K, Schnall P, Landsbergis P, Baker D. The workplace and cardiovascular health: conclusions and thoughts for a future agenda. Occup Med. 2000; 15(1): 307-21[PubMed]
  • 22. Moncada S, Pejtersen JH, Navarro A, Llorens C, Burr H, Hasle P, et al. Psychosocial work environment and its association with socioeconomic status. A comparison of Spain and Denmark. Scand J Public Health. 2010; 38(3 Suppl): 137-48[DOI][PubMed]
  • 23. Nubling M, Stossel U, Hasselhorn HM, Michaelis M, Hofmann F. Measuring psychological stress and strain at work - Evaluation of the COPSOQ Questionnaire in Germany. Psychosoc Med. 2006; 3[PubMed]
  • 24. Arsalani N, Fallahi-Khoshknab M, Josephson M, Lagerstrom M. Iranian nursing staff's self-reported general and mental health related to working conditions and family situation. Int Nurs Rev. 2012; 59(3): 416-23[DOI][PubMed]
  • 25. Kristensen TS. A new tool for assessing psychosocial factors at work: The Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire. 2000;
  • 26. Belsley DA, Kuh E, Welsch RE. Regression diagnostics: Identifying influential data and sources of collinearity. 2005;
  • 27. Ramsey JB. Tests for specification errors in classical linear least-squares regression analysis. J Royal Statistic Soc. 1969; : 350-71
  • 28. Hotelling H. Relations between two sets of variates. Biometrika. 1936; 28(3/4): 321-77
  • 29. Rao CR. Linear statistical inference and its applications, second Edition. Statistics WSiPa. 1973;
  • 30. Kshirsagar AM. Multivariate Analysis, New York: MarcelDekker. 1972;
  • 31. Wilks SS. Certain generalizations in the analysis of variance. Biometrika. 1932; : 471-94
  • 32. Westfall PH, Young SS. Resampling-based multiple testing: Examples and methods for p-value adjustment. 1993; 279
  • 33. Iran National statistics book. 2004;
  • 34. Buchan J. Evidence of nursing shortages or a shortage of evidence? J Adv Nurs. 2006; 56(5): 457-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 35. Zarea K, Negarandeh R, Dehghan-Nayeri N, Rezaei-Adaryani M. Nursing staff shortages and job satisfaction in Iran: issues and challenges. Nurs Health Sci. 2009; 11(3): 326-31[DOI][PubMed]
  • 36. The world health report 2006: working together for health. 2006;
  • 37. Li J, Fu H, Hu Y, Shang L, Wu Y, Kristensen TS, et al. Psychosocial work environment and intention to leave the nursing profession: results from the longitudinal Chinese NEXT study. Scand J Public Health. 2010; 38(3 Suppl): 69-80[DOI][PubMed]
  • 38. Hasselhorn HM, Tackenberg P, Kuemmerling A, Wittenberg J, Simon M, Conway PM, et al. Nurses' health, age and the wish to leave the profession--findings from the European NEXT-Study. Med Lav. 2006; 97(2): 207-14[PubMed]
  • 39. Fochsen G, Sjogren K, Josephson M, Lagerstrom M. Factors contributing to the decision to leave nursing care: a study among Swedish nursing personnel. J Nurs Manag. 2005; 13(4): 338-44[DOI][PubMed]
  • 40. Coomber B, Barriball KL. Impact of job satisfaction components on intent to leave and turnover for hospital-based nurses: a review of the research literature. Int J Nurs Stud. 2007; 44(2): 297-314[DOI][PubMed]
  • 41. Nikbakht Nasrabadi A, Emami A. Perceptions of nursing practice in Iran. Nurs Outlook. 2006; 54(6): 320-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 42. Rahimaghaee F, Nayeri D, Mohammadi E. Iranian nurses perceptions of their professional growth and development. Online J Issues Nurs. 2011; 16(1): 10
  • 43. Dehghan Nayeri N, Nazari AA, Salsali M, Ahmadi F, Adib Hajbaghery M. Iranian staff nurses' views of their productivity and management factors improving and impeding it: a qualitative study. Nurs Health Sci. 2006; 8(1): 51-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 44. Andreassen CN, Eriksen JG. The psychosocial work environment among physicians employed at Danish oncology departments in 2009. A nationwide cross-sectional study. Acta Oncol. 2013; 52(1): 138-46[DOI][PubMed]
  • 45. Hooftman WE, van der Beek AJ, Bongers PM, van Mechelen W. Is there a gender difference in the effect of work-related physical and psychosocial risk factors on musculoskeletal symptoms and related sickness absence? Scandinavian J Work Environ Health. 2009; 35(2): 85-95[DOI]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments